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Phonics and Reading

Parent Comprehension Clues

We use ‘Letters and Sounds’ as our way of teaching phonics. Phonics are the sounds that letters make and learning them helps children to decode words and begin to read and write. ‘Letters and Sounds’, like all phonic schemes, is organised in phases that build the complexity of the phoneme (smallest unit of sound) and graphemes (the letters used to write the sounds) taught.


We organise our children in the Reception class, Year 1 and 2 within the classes and in Key Stage 2 (Years 3-6) across year groups as a catch up. Sometimes pupils have individual phonic lessons called direct phonics as personalised catch –up.


We teach phonics after registration in the morning so it is important that children are in on time so as not to miss out or disturb learning.

Our systematic teaching of phonics has resulted in more pupils passing the Year 1 phonics test than those nationally.  An explanation of phonics and what you can do to support children is below.



Phonic Scheme Progression Documents